21810029 - GENDER AND POLITICAL THEORIES

Il corso si basa sull'analisi sistematica delle opere classiche e delle teorie della filosofia politica antica, moderna e contemporanea, attraverso una prospettiva di genere, cioè attraverso l'analisi di quelle opere e teorie in cui grandi pensatori hanno rivelato il loro pensiero sulla vita politica e sociale delle donne. L'obiettivo del corso è quello di colmare una lacuna nella nostra conoscenza della storia del pensiero politico e di comprendere i presupposti alla base di modi di pensare profondamente radicati, che continuano a influenzare la vita delle donne in modo significativo.

MODUGNO ROBERTA ADELAIDE

scheda docente | materiale didattico

Programma

Settimana 1
Introduzione e descrizione del corso.
Metodologia. Il genere come categoria di analisi storica.

Settimana 2
Grecia antica: la tradizione greca della misoginia. Platone e Aristotele. L'eredità aristotelica. La Repubblica di Platone.

Terza settimana
Le donne nel pensiero medievale.
I Padri della Chiesa: Sant'Agostino
San Tommaso d'Aquino: Il posto delle donne in natura

Settimana 4
Femminilità e mascolinità nel primo pensiero moderno europeo. La decostruzione del genere in Machiavelli. Difendere la mascolinità contro la Fortuna.

Settimana 5
Diritti naturali contro l'autorità naturale
Thomas Hobbes contro il modello aristotelico
John Locke contro il patriarcato. Il contratto sessuale.

Settimana 6
Lo stato della natura e ricostruzione di una repubblica mascolina: Rousseau.
Rousseau e l'addomesticamento delle donne.

Settimana 7
Rivendicare i diritti delle donne: Mary Wollstonecraft
Femminismo liberale: John Stuart Mill


Settimana 8
Costruire il femminismo liberale negli Stati Uniti: Il movimento per i diritti delle donne del XIX secolo. Le radici sociali del movimento americano per i diritti delle donne. Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

Settimana 9
Prospettive femministe contemporanee sul patriarcato. Virginia Woolf e Simone de Beauvoir. Uguaglianza e differenza.

Settimana 10

Il dibattito sul multiculturalismo. Discussione in classe.


LETTURE OBBLIGATORIE:

Le letture obbligatorie si possono trovare su Moodle, nella biblioteca del Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche o sulla pagina web di University Discovery.


- Joan Scott, Gender: a Useful Category of Historical Analysis, in , 1, V, 1986, pp. 1053 – 1075

- Wendy Brown, Where is the Sex in Political Theory? In , 7, no. 1 1987

- Karen Offen, Defining Feminism: a Comparative Historical Approach, in , vol. 14, n. 11, 1988, pp. 119-157

- Susan Moller Okin, Plato and the Greek Tradition of Misogyny, in Susan Moller Okin, Women in Western Political Thought, Princeton University Press, 1992,
- Susan Moller Okin, Philosopher Queens and Private Wives, in Women in Western Political Thought

- Susan Moller Okin, Female Nature and Social Structure, in Women in Western Political Thought

- Susan Moller Okin, Woman’s Place and Nature in a Functionalist World, in Women in Western Political Thought

- Diana Coole, Women in Medieval Thought: Transitions from Antiquity to the Renaissance, in Women in Political Theory, Lynne Rienner Publisher, 1993

- Zillah Eisenstein, The Historical Continuity of Patriarchy, from The Radical Future of Liberal Feminism, Northeastern University Press, 1993, Chapter 2

- Joan Kelly, Did Women Have a Renaissance?, from Joan Kelly, Women, History and Theory, University of Chicago Press, 1984, ch. 7

- Ian Maclean, The Renaissance Notion of Women, in , vol. 34, n. 2, Summer 1981, pp. 211-213

- Hanna Pitkin, Fortune is a Woman. Gender and Politics in the Thought of Niccolò Machiavelli, University of California Press, 1984, chapters 2,3,4,5,6

- Diana Coole, Women in Political Theory, chapter 4

- Carole Pateman, The Sexual Contract, Stanford University Press, 1988, chapters 1, 4, 6

- Susan Moller Okin, Women in Western Political Thought, chapters 5, 6, 7

- Else Wiestad, Empowerment Inside Patriarchy: Rousseau and the Masculine Construction of Femininity, from Feminist interpretations of Jean Jacques Rousseau, edited by Linda Lange, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002

- Penny Weiss and Ann Harper, Rousseau Political Defense of Sex-Roled Family, from Feminist interpretations of Jean Jacques Rousseau, edited by Linda Lange, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002

- Mary Wollstonecraft, excerpt from A Vindication of the Rights of Women, in The Feminist Papers, edited by Alice Rossi, pp. 40-85

- John Stuart Mill, excerpt from The Sujection of Women, in The Feminist Papers, edited by Alice Rossi, pp.196-238

- Susan Moller Okin, Women in Western Political Thought, chapter 9

- Alice Rossi, Introduction: Social Roots of the Woman’s Movement in America, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 241- 281

- From Abolition to Sex Equality: Sarah Grimké (1792-1837) and Angelina Grimké (1805-1879), in The Feminist Papers, pp. 306-322

- Alice Rossi, Along the Suffrage Trail, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 407-412

- Excerpt from the History of Woman Suffrage, in The Feminist Papers, Seneca Falls Convention, pp. 413-421

- Akron Convention and Sojourner Truth, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 426-29

- Kathryn Kish Sklar, Women’s Rights Emerges within the Antislavery Movement, 1830-1870, Bedford, 2000

- Virginia Woolf, excerpt from A Room of One’s Own, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 627-652

- Simone de Beauvoir, excerpt from The Second Sex, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 674-705

- Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?, edited by Susan Moller Okin, Princeton University Press, 1999



LETTURE CONSIGLIATE:
- Susan Moller Okin, Justice, Gender, and the Family, Basic Books, 1989

Il corso è impartito in lingua inglese.




Testi Adottati

Week 1
Introduction and description of the course.
Methodology.

- Joan Scott, Gender: a Useful Category of Historical Analysis, in , 1, V, 1986, pp. 1053 – 1075
- Wendy Brown, Where is the Sex in Political Theory? In , 7, no. 1 1987
- Karen Offen, Defining Feminism: a Comparative Historical Approach, in , vol. 14, n. 11, 1988, pp. 119-157



Week 2
Ancient Greece: Plato and Aristotle.

- Susan Moller Okin, Plato and the Greek Tradition of Misogyny, in Susan Moller Okin, Women in Western Political Thought, Princeton University Press, 1992,
- Susan Moller Okin, Philosopher Queens and Private Wives, in Women in Western Political Thought
- Susan Moller Okin, Female Nature and Social Structure, in Women in Western Political Thought
- Susan Moller Okin, Woman’s Place and Nature in a Functionalist World, in Women in Western Political Thought



Week 3
Women in medieval thought.
The Church Fathers: St. Augustine
St. Thomas Aquinas: Women’s place in nature

- Diana Coole, Women in Medieval Thought: Transitions from Antiquity to the Renaissance, in Women in Political Theory, Lynne Rienner Publisher, 1993
- Zillah Eisenstein, The Historical Continuity of Patriarchy, from The Radical
Future of Liberal Feminism, Northeastern University Press, 1993, Chapter 2




Week 4
Femininity and masculinity in early modern European thought. Deconstructing gender in Machiavelli


- Joan Kelly, Did Women Have a Renaissance?, from Joan Kelly, Women, History and Theory, University of Chicago Press, 1984, ch. 7
- Ian Maclean, The Renaissance Notion of Women, in , vol. 34, n. 2, Summer 1981, pp. 211-213
- Hanna Pitkin, Fortune is a Woman. Gender and Politics in the Thought of Niccolò Machiavelli, University of California Press, 1984, chapters 2,3,4,5,6


Week 5
Natural rights against natural authority
Thomas Hobbes against the Aristotelian model
John Locke against patriarchy

- Diana Coole, Women in Political Theory, chapter 4
- Carole Pateman, The Sexual Contract, Stanford University Press, 1988, chapters 1, 4, 6

Week 6
The State of Nature and Reconstructing a Masculinized Republic: Rousseau

- Susan Moller Okin, Women in Western Political Thought, chapters 5, 6, 7
- Else Wiestad, Empowerment Inside Patriarchy: Rousseau and the Masculine Construction of Femininity, from Feminist interpretations of Jean Jacques Rousseau, edited by Linda Lange, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002
- Penny Weiss and Ann Harper, Rousseau Political Defense of Sex-Roled Family, from Feminist interpretations of Jean Jacques Rousseau, edited by Linda Lange, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002


Week 7
Vindicating the Rights of Women: Mary Wollstonecraft
Liberal Feminism: John Stuart Mill

- Mary Wollstonecraft, excerpt from A Vindication of the Rights of Women, in The Feminist Papers, edited by Alice Rossi, pp. 40-85
- John Stuart Mill, excerpt from The Sujection of Women, in The Feminist Papers, edited by Alice Rossi, pp.196-238
- Susan Moller Okin, Women in Western Political Thought, chapter 9







Week 8
Constructing Liberal Feminism in the US: The 19th Century Women’s Rights Movement


- Alice Rossi, Introduction: Social Roots of the Woman’s Movement in America, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 241- 281
- From Abolition to Sex Equality: Sarah Grimké (1792-1837) and Angelina Grimké (1805-1879), in The Feminist Papers, pp. 306-322
- Alice Rossi, Along the Suffrage Trail, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 407-412
- Excerpt from the History of Woman Suffrage, in The Feminist Papers, Seneca Falls Convention, pp. 413-421
- Akron Convention and Sojourner Truth, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 426-29

Week 9
Contemporary feminist perspectives on patriarchy.

- Virginia Woolf, excerpt from A Room of One’s Own, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 627-652
- Simone de Beauvoir, excerpt from The Second Sex, in The Feminist Papers, pp. 674-705


Bibliografia Di Riferimento

- Susan Moller Okin, Justice, Gender, and the Family, Basic Books, 1989 - Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?, edited by Susan Moller Okin, Princeton University Press, 1999 - Kathryn Kish Sklar, Women’s Rights Emerges within the Antislavery Movement, 1830-1870, Bedford, 2000

Modalità Erogazione

Il corso è articolato in lezioni, proiezioni, discussioni critiche delle letture assegnate, lavoro in biblioteca.

Modalità Frequenza

La frequenza è obbligatoria; oltre le tre assenze il voto finale dell'esame sarà ridotto di due punti percentuali per ogni assenza aggiuntiva.

Modalità Valutazione

Frequenza e partecipazione (20%); presentazioni in classe e papers (30%); prova scritta di metà corso (25%); Prova scritta finale (25%)